- SBS was officially named and defined in 1974.
- In the U.S., AHT results in an estimated 1,300 hospitalizations each year with severe or fatal head trauma & (20%) of victims die within the first few days after injury.
- AHT most commonly involves children less than one year of age, with peak incidence between 6 weeks and 6 months of age. The same time frame babies cry most, which is referred to as the “Period of PURPLE Crying”.
- AHT is not accidental trauma and is a serious form of child abuse leading the cause of child abuse deaths.
- Most parents and other caregivers of children are unaware of injuries that shaking a baby/young child can cause, and one or more parent causes 75% of AHT.
- AHT is not caused by immunizations; seizures, playful bouncing or short falls from < 4 feet.
- The impact of an infant/young child’s head against a solid surface magnifies the forces suffered by the brain by 10 to 50 times compared to the forces caused by shaking alone.
- Children from all backgrounds are victims of AHT
References: Contemporary Pediatrics, National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome.